ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a medical term used to describe large amounts of excessive inappropriate activity that are difficult to calm down. The child not only has a short period of mental focus, but mental confusion causes children to be restless and impulsive. They have unstable feelings, disturb others and are very difficult to discipline. They can also have poor muscle coordination and memory.
Problems in the brain and central nervous system from birth trauma, food allergy, vitamin deficiency, lead poisoning and radiation exposure cause the complex state of hyperactivity.
Symptoms of mental confusion appear at the age of five, but the child can remain undetected until signs of trouble at school, such as poor grades and discipline problems. Even if a child can recover from the disease, many continue to have symptoms during puberty and bring them straight to the adult.
Combined therapy with behavioral changes is usually used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The child learns to concentrate on this type of treatment and to behave less impulsively. The other type is pharmacotherapy, which is used to stimulate the central nervous system and gives an overactive child a calming effect. The drugs have side effects such as waking up at night and loss of appetite. Although they are associated with these side effects, it is possible to reverse them.
Healing help with instructions and proper placement in the classroom is another important aspect of treating a hyperactive child. This will help the child have learning difficulties. A form of physical education, including sports, also helps develop balance and coordination.
If a home is structured and stable, a child with mental confusion will be better off. Verbal and physical abuse should always be avoided when unruly behavior is punished with a child. No matter how upset.
Some children are usually too active and have more energy than an adult can handle. These situations are wrongly classified as hyperactive. The best way to be sure is to see a doctor to see if the child has a hyperactive disorder with attention deficit.
Sometimes a situation that most people find rather small and not serious seems to be a big situation or to confront a child with mental confusion. This is one of the reasons why these children have a problem with discipline in public places like school. A child may have difficulty making friends when going to school because other children do not understand how to deal with a mentally disturbed child. As a result, the children form their own small group, with whom they may be friends or simply be completely isolated.
There are two ways to play bulls in a child with mental confusion. The first is that they can be bullied and teased because other children are not aware of the thought and thought work, so hurtful names can be discarded. The other way is that the confused child can become a bully himself to deal with the fact that he has problems with the basics.
Most adults who have transmitted the disorder in childhood, adolescence, and now adulthood tend to stop using appropriate treatment and turn to alcohol and drug use. Face.
Guidelines for Diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are often diagnosed for the first time in school because the child has an increased need for targeted attention and work behavior. However, some preschoolers display very difficult behaviors such as risk taking, difficulty playing with other children, extreme impulsiveness, and resistance to normal parental control. To address this group, the American Academy of Pediatrics recently updated their guidelines for general practitioners on diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The previous AAP guidelines affected children aged 6 to 12 years. New guidelines have extended the age range from 4 to 18.
This change has sparked much debate and controversy as parents and experts fear an increase in medication for preschoolers. However, after reviewing the guidelines (see), it is clear that doctors consider many variables before suggesting medications, including: the child's emotional / behavioral adjustment; alternative explanations for the child's behavior; Effects of child behavior on their development; coexisting diseases; Behavior Management consulting; and continuous monitoring. The diagnostic process itself is complex and requires the input of multiple observers.
Diagnosis usually begins when parents are concerned about the child's behavior at home or in daycare. Parents and caregivers can raise concerns about the child's behavior, including:
- Activity level
- Sleep patterns
- Response to behavior management
- Interactions with peers
- Emotional volatility
- Voice level
- Ability to switch between activities - - Response to stimulating situations such as shopping or parties
If it is clear that the behavior is not the child's age and has a significant impact on their ability to develop and learn normally, parents can decide whether to examine the child for the disorder. Development, ADHD. A comprehensive assessment should include a health and development history, a family history for similar conditions, child's observation in multiple situations, scales to assess the behavior of multiple observers, and an analysis of parenting styles, and behavior management systems. If the child meets the diagnostic criteria (according to the Diagnostics and Statistics Guide - fourth edition), the doctor, parents, school or childcare staff work together to develop ongoing goals for the child's behavior. This typically includes advice from behavioral specialists who work with parents and others to implement behavioral plans at home and at school. Because ADHD is a chronic disease, the child's progress should be closely monitored and behavioral goals updated to reflect the child's age and developmental problems. There are times when a doctor recommends medication to a very young child, but usually after trying to take behavioral measures, or in the most serious cases, when the child's behavior significantly affects their development or safety.
Diagnosing developmental disorders in young children is difficult because each child is unique. The family environment, educational opportunities, culture, temperament and personality of the child influence how well it deals with development challenges. And while there are tables that describe normal age ranges for developing skills such as walking and speaking, these ranges are broad and influenced by many factors. In addition, the innate ability affects the timing and manifestation of the developmental stages. Like language and motor skills, the ability to manage behaviors yourself is below average. Preschoolers who find it difficult to deal with themselves may have developmental disorders, but may also be in the lower middle of the continuum and slow to master. For this reason, it is important to be careful when diagnosing a preschool child with ADHD. The new APA guidelines provide a framework for the potential diagnosis of toddlers, but ultimately the ultimate decision for any type of treatment rests with the child's parents.
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