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Understand the nature of hay fever

Hay fever, commonly known as allergic rhinitis, is an allergic reaction that can lead to inflammation of the nasal passages. It usually occurs when an allergen like pollen or animal hair is absorbed by a person with a sensitized immune system. With this question, the allergen triggers the massive production of IgE, which causes the various symptoms of hay fever.

Basically, the cause of this allergy is grass pollen. Ironically, people with hay fever have no fever at all, and neither do hay. However, since the herbs spread their pollen in the air every time the hay is cut, the term hay fever is used.

5 facts about hay fever

Classification - Basically, allergic rhinitis is divided into two categories: seasonal and perennial. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is primarily triggered at the beginning of the pollen season and usually does not appear until the age of 6 years. Perennial allergic rhinitis generally occurs all year round and is often observed in young children.

Signs and Symptoms - Hay fever does indeed have many signs and symptoms. However, as with the most common diseases, rhinorrhea, itching, nasal congestion, and nasal congestion are the most common symptoms. Although it can spread all over the body in some cases, patients also experience conjunctival swelling, erythema, swelling of the eyelids, venous congestion of the lower eyelids, transverse nasal folds and effusions on the middle ear and swollen nasal cones.

Complications - If this allergy is not treated immediately, certain complications can affect quality of life. This can lead to situations in which the patient is disturbed due to insufficient sleep, as he has other problems that can be associated with allergic rhinitis. These complications can include sinusitis, ear infection, and worsening asthma, which can be fatal if not treated immediately.

Allergy test - To identify the specific allergen that a person is sensitive to, allergy tests are performed by doctors. The most common method is the skin test, which can be done intradermally, by scratches or patches. People who cannot undergo such a test can use the RAST blood test to determine the specific allergen.

Management - Basically, the goal of managing hay fever is to prevent or at least reduce the appearance of signs and symptoms caused by inflammation of the affected tissue. Perhaps the most effective is to avoid the allergens that can cause hay fever. However, since this treatment can be difficult to follow, other types of treatment are introduced to treat such a condition. These alternative treatments can include intranasal corticosteroids, antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal irrigation. For people who don't respond to medication, allergen immunotherapy or desensitization would be the usual effective treatment for eliminating the symptoms of such a condition.

Treatments and relief of hay fever and allergic rhinitis

Hay fever and allergic rhinitis can cause poverty for millions of people around the world. In Australia, an estimated 30 million people suffer from this disease. My article examines these conditions in detail and lists the main treatments currently available.

What are hay fever and allergic rhinitis?

They are an immune system disorder in which the body overreacts to harmless substances in the environment such as pollen, dust, mold, dandruff and food. Allergenic substances are called allergens.

What causes hay fever and allergic rhinitis?

Allergens cause the activation of a certain type of antibody called IgE. This antibody triggers the release of certain chemicals from the cells of the nose, throat and eyes, such as histamine, which causes an extreme inflammatory reaction and associated allergy symptoms. The main causes of allergies are:

Hereditary (family run) RaceSex (boys have a higher risk of allergy than girls) Age Changes in exposure to infectious diseases in infancy Environmental pollutants Allergy-related dietary changes

What are the symptoms?

Hay fever and allergic rhinitis are the most common types of allergic diseases. Symptoms result from inflammation of the nasal passages, throat and eyes after inhaling allergens such as pollen, mold, dust, etc. The symptoms include;

Runny nose, stuffy nose, sneezing, itchy nose, itchy ears and throat. Nose drops (phlegm discharge from the throat)

What types of treatment are there?

Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs - Nurofen etc. can relieve inflammation and pain, but they can cause side effects. They are not particularly useful for allergies because they do not reduce the production of histamine.

Over-the-counter decongestants - Over-the-counter decongestants can be in the form of tablets, liquids or nasal sprays. Vicks Sinex and Sudafed are examples. These are not really suitable for allergies as they should not be used for a long time.

Steroid nasal sprays - Flixonase is useful for allergy sufferers as it can reduce nasal congestion, etc. Reduce inflammation. However, this can lead to side effects.

Over-the-counter antihistamines - clarytin, etc. can be used to control the production of histamine and therefore the symptoms of allergies, i.e. nasal congestion, runny nose, etc. They can cause drowsiness and other side effects.

Naturally formulated nasal sprays - SinuSoothe contains natural ingredients that relieve inflammation and related symptoms. It also contains an antihistamine and decongestant to relieve runny nose, nasal congestion, etc. It can be used indefinitely every day.

Nasal irrigation and saline nasal sprays - Nasal irrigation and saline nasal sprays such as Sterimar can relieve sinus congestion and remove allergens from the nasal cavity. The two types of solutions that can be used are isotonic or hypertensive. Isotonic solutions contain a salinity that is similar to that of the human body, while hypertonic solutions contain more salt. The hypertonic solution is believed to better reduce inflammation.

Steroid tablets - If you have serious allergies that can seriously affect your life (e.g. during exams), your doctor may very rarely prescribe a short dose of steroid tablets. However, they can cause side effects.

Natural antihistamines - Butterbur is proven to be just as effective as over-the-counter antihistamines. Another excellent natural antihistamine is quercetin. In contrast to over-the-counter antihistamines, there are very few side effects.

Antihistamine nasal sprays - Astelin and NasalCrom can reduce the amount of histamine that is formed in the nasal tissues, so they can effectively relieve the symptoms of the nose. However, they can cause side effects.

Reduce Inflammation Naturally - Various supplements like turmeric, ginger, omega oils, serrapeptase, etc. can help reduce inflammation naturally and relieve allergy symptoms.

Pollen Barriers - Pollen barriers such as petroleum jelly or a special barrier gel in the nostrils can catch pollen before it gets into the nasal passages, thus relieving symptoms of hay fever.

Eye drops - If itchy or painful, eye drops with antihistamines or sodium cromoglicate can be helpful. Natural eye drops are also available.

Red light phototherapy - This involves inserting two narrow red light probes into your nostrils. Light reduces inflammation.

Immunotherapy - This is often a final option. Very small amounts of the allergen you are allergic to are injected into your body or taken as tablets to gradually desensitize your immune system to the allergen. You must be referred to an allergy clinic to receive this treatment.

Prevention of hay fever

Keep doors and windows closed when the pollen level is high. Stay away from areas where there is more pollen, e.g. B. Herbal parks, especially in the early morning, late afternoon and late afternoon evenings when pollen is at its highest. out of your eyes. Take a shower and wash your hair after going out when the pollen is dry. Wash outdoors when the pollen count is high. Pollen can be trapped in the fibers of clothing and bedding.

Prevention of allergic rhinitis

The only way to prevent allergic rhinitis is to avoid the allergen that causes it. Therefore, an allergy test is important to identify the exact indoor allergen that is causing the allergy.

Eliminating mites can help if special attention is paid to the bedroom.

Synthetic duvets and pillows are better than feather mattresses for up to 10,000 mites. Therefore, use pillowcases and mattress covers that are impermeable to mites at 60 degrees and use a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter. Hardwood and laminate, no heavy pile carpets. Lint and clutter. Ventilate the room regularly to reduce the humidity.

With severe allergies to pets, it is unfortunately better to permanently remove the animal from the house. The cat allergen spreads throughout the home, even if the cat is restricted to certain areas. Although short-haired and female animals have less dander in their fur, any fur animal can cause allergies, including rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils and mice.

Food allergies are simply about removing the specific foods that trigger the allergy from your diet. With allergies caused by mold and / or fungi, all signs of mold in your home environment should be completely eliminated. As with all diseases, you should always consult your doctor before starting a new treatment.

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